what is alcohol?

what is alcohol? - In chemistry, alcohol is an organic compound that binds to the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) to a carbon atom, usually associated with other carbon atoms or hydrogen.

An important class of simple acyclic alcohols, the general formula CnH2n 1 OH. Of these, ethanol (C2H5OH) is a type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages and a common language the term refers to alcohol, particularly ethanol.

Other alcohols are usually described with a clarifying adjective, as in isopropyl alcohol (propane-2-ol) or wood alcohol (methyl alcohol or methanol). The suffix-ol is shown in the IUPAC name of all substances which the hydroxyl group is the functional group with the highest priority drug, where a group of highest priority is displayed at this prefix hydroxy IUPAC name. The suffix-ol in non-systematic names (such as paracetamol or cholesterol) also typically indicate that the compound contains a hydroxyl function, and can therefore be considered an alcoholic. However, many substances (such as citric acid, lactic acid, and sucrose) contains one or more hydroxyl functions without using the extension.

From: Wikipedia

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