The most preferred flavor, VANILLA - Vanilla is a flavoring derived from orchids in the genus Vanilla native to Mexico. Etymologically, vanilla is the Spanish word "vainilla" a small pod. Originally cultivated in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican peoples, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés is credited for both vanilla and chocolate to Europe 1520.
Efforts to grow vanilla plants outside of Mexico and Central America proved futile because of the symbiotic relationship between vine that produced tlilxochitl vanilla orchid and native bee species Melipona, up to 1837, the Belgian botanist Charles François Antoine Morren discovered this fact, and a pioneer in the method of artificially pollinating the plants. The method proved to be impractical and financially not commercially available. In 1841, 12 years, a slave owned by the French name of Edmond Albius - who lived on the French island of Reunion in the Indian Ocean - has discovered the plant could be hand-pollination, when the world harvest.
Currently, there are three main varieties cultivated vanilla in the world, all of a species origin in Mesoamerica, including parts of the day the modern Mexico. The different subspecies are Vanilla planifolia (V. fragrans syn.), Is grown in Madagascar, Reunion, and other tropical regions of the Indian Ocean along, V. tahitensis, grown in the South Pacific, and V. pompona, located in the Caribbean, Central and South America. Most of vanilla in the world is the variety V. planifolia, better known as Bourbon vanilla (after the ancient name of the meeting, Bourbon Island) or Madagascar vanilla, produced in Madagascar and neighboring islands in the southwest Indian Ocean, and Indonesia.
Vanilla is the most expensive spice after saffron second, for the work required to grow the vanilla beans. Despite the expense, is prized for its taste, the author Frederic Rosengarten, Jr. describes in the book of spices such as "spicy, pure and delicate" and complex floral aroma described as "a strange group." A Despite its high cost, vanilla is widely used in both commercial and home baking, the manufacture of perfumes and aromatherapy. (@ agriculture commodities)