Indonesia-Japan cooperation in the processing of oil palm waste for biofuels

The Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology or Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT) in cooperation with Japan to enhance a variety of research and create a "pilot plan" on the use of waste vegetable oil into fuel (biofuel).

Deputy Energy and Materials Information Technology BPPT Dr. Unggul Priyanto, Monday. in between "7th Asia Biomass Workshop: Biomass as Sustainable Energy" in Jakarta" said that so far only 20 percent of oil palm harvested in Indonesia could be produced to crude palm oil (CPO).

He added that the remaining 80 percent to be discarded as waste, such as empty fruit bunches, shell, fiber to liquid waste.

About 15 percent of the total waste can be processed with gasification technology to bioethanol and biodiesel for replacing gasoline and diesel fuel. While the rest that really waste can utilized for fertilizer.

As the world's largest palm oil producing countries, the potential for very large Indonesian palm oil waste. This waste is very unworthy if just thrown away like so far.

Besides biofuels can help reduce use of fossil fuels which diminishing reserves, nor did it spend more gas emission, then it is more environmentally friendly.

In addition, by utilizing the waste, biofuels need not compete with food as if bioethanol use of cassava, sugar cane and corn, or palm oil for biodiesel use, so it do not make food prices soaring.

Unggul said that BPPT  has already three years exploring cooperation on the research of this palm waste to Japan, where a number of Indonesian researchers have got a scholarship to undergo training in Japan.

Manager of International Cooperation of Japan National Energy Foundation, Toru Nagao said, within three years it has provided scholarships for some 70 researchers studying biomass for energy in Japan.

Apart from oil palm waste, the institute also conducts cooperative research waste rice husks to be used as biofuel in Vietnam, says Nagao.

"Workshop" in collaboration with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology "(AIST), Japan is also presenting a number of speakers from other Asian countries such as Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand.

Second-generation biofuels technology, "lignocellulosic" technology, liquefaction of biomass, the impact of biofuels on the vehicle, the impact to the environment and the clean development mechanism (CDM) is also discussed in this workshop.

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Translated by: harrys

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