Algae are made up of eukaryotic cells (Eukaryote – from Wikipedia). These are cells with nuclei and organelles. All algae all have plastids, the bodies with chlorophyll that carry out photosynthesis. But the various lines of algae have different combinations of chlorophyll molecules. Some have only Chlorophyll A, some A and B, while other lines, A and C.
All algae primary comprise of the following, in varying proportions: Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats and Nucleic Acids.
Table 1 - Chemical Composition of Algae
Expressed on A Dry Matter Basis (%)
Source: Becker, (1994)
Algal-oil is very high in unsaturated fatty acids. Some
's found in different algal-species include: UFA
- Arachidonic acid(AA)
- Eicospentaenoic acid(EPA)
- Docasahexaenoic acid(DHA)
- Gamma-linolenic acid(GLA)
- Linoleic acid(LA)
Source : OILGAE